Dental implant crowns have revolutionized the way we approach missing teeth, offering a permanent and aesthetically pleasing solution. These artificial teeth are designed to blend seamlessly with your natural teeth, restoring both function and appearance. However, complications can arise, such as an implant crown suddenly developing a high bite.
What Is an Implant Crown
An implant crown is an artificial tooth that is anchored to the jawbone using a dental implant. The dental implant, typically made of titanium, serves as a replacement for the tooth root, providing a stable foundation for the crown. The implant crown is then attached to the implant via a connector, restoring the appearance and function of the missing tooth.
Causes of a High Bite in an Implant Crown
A high bite occurs when the implant crown is improperly aligned with the opposing teeth, causing the crown to make contact with them before the natural teeth do. This uneven distribution of pressure can cause various problems, such as pain, difficulty in chewing, and even damage to the implant or the surrounding teeth.
- Implant failure: If the dental implant does not properly integrate with the jawbone, it can result in a high bite. This can be caused by infection, poor bone quality, or other underlying health issues.
- Improper placement of the implant: If the implant is placed at an incorrect angle or position, it can affect the alignment of the crown, leading to a high bite.
- Improper fitting of the crown: The crown may not be accurately shaped or fitted to the implant, causing it to sit higher than the surrounding teeth.
- Jawbone loss: If the jawbone supporting the implant begins to deteriorate, it can cause the implant to shift, resulting in a high bite.
- TMD: TMD can cause changes in the way the teeth fit together, which may lead to a high bite in an implant crown.
Symptoms of a High Bite
A high bite caused by a misaligned implant crown changes the way your jaw and teeth fit together. If you are experiencing a high bite, you may notice the following symptoms:
- Pain or discomfort when biting or chewing: Due to the uneven distribution of pressure, you may experience pain or discomfort when biting or chewing food.
- Sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures: A high bite on the implant crown can cause excessive pressure on the opposing tooth, eroding the tooth enamel or causing gum recession. This can expose the underlying dentin layer, making the tooth more sensitive to temperature changes and causing discomfort when consuming hot or cold foods and beverages.
- Difficulty speaking: A high bite can interfere with the natural movement of the jaw, making it challenging to speak clearly or comfortably. It can also place undue tension on the masseter muscles that move the jaw when chewing and speaking, limiting your jaw’s range of motion and affecting your speech.
If you suspect that you have a high bite, it is essential to seek professional help to address the issue. Treatment options may include:
- Adjustments to the crown: A dental professional can make adjustments to the crown to correct its fit, ensuring proper alignment with the opposing teeth.
- Replacement of the crown: In some cases, a new crown may need to be fabricated to achieve the correct fit and alignment.
- Further treatment for implant failure or jawbone loss: If the high bite is due to implant failure or jawbone loss, additional treatments such as bone grafting, implant replacement, or even orthodontic treatment may be required.
Prolong the Life of Your Dental Implants
Taking care of your dental implants is crucial to ensure their longevity and optimal function. Regular dental checkups and cleanings, along with good oral hygiene practices, can help prevent complications such as a high bite.
If you suspect that you have a high bite or need advice on dental implant care, reach out to Smile On Dental Salon & Sleep Apnea Center. To schedule an appointment, call our Deerfield office at (224) 282-8939 or our Lakeview office at (773) 525-5545. Together, we can help you maintain a healthy and beautiful smile.